number 1 • january 2011
man-portable air defence systems (manpads)
an-portable air defence systems (manpads) are short-range surfaceto-air missile systems1 intended for attacking and defending against low-flying aircraft. some are crew-served (known sometimes as crewpads), but most are easily handled by a single individual and are shoulder-launched. manpads are generally categorized according to their guidance systems: passive infrared (ir) seekers, radio command line-of-sight (clos), and la...